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HB 35: Bad for Floridians

Florida’s GOP lawmakers say they’re the champions of less government, more transparency and free enterprise. Their actions don’t show it.

  • Sarasota
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Here we go again. The annual Hatfield-and-McCoy shootout between Florida’s Republican legislators and Florida’s mostly liberal, daily newspapers.

For the most part, Florida’s Republican lawmakers — especially those in leadership positions — despise Florida’s newspapers, especially the Miami Herald, Tampa Bay Times, Orlando Sentinel, South Florida Sun-Sentinel and Palm Beach Post. And these lawmakers have longed to shoot enough buckshot through those newspapers to shut them down. Or at least seriously hurt them financially.

This year, in the 2021 legislative session, Gov. Ron DeSantis, Senate President Wilton Simpson and House Speaker Chris Sprowls are more determined than ever. They are lined up to win, and their weapon of choice:  House Bill 35.

The plan: Change the statutes to shift mandated public notices out of newspapers onto government websites.

It’s not an idea that’s likely to stir most taxpayers and voters. Indeed, it’s not a major social issue like abortion or guns or health care for the poor.

But it is an important issue. It affects every Floridian every day. Indeed, it goes to the heart of making sure state and local governments and all of their agencies operate openly and transparently. It goes to the heart of giving Floridians a say in how their state and local governments operate. And in many instances, it also goes to the heart of due process: protecting Floridians from having their properties unfairly and illegally confiscated.

But little of that matters to Republican lawmakers. The fact that state and local governments and their agencies outsource the publishing of this information to newspapers and pay newspapers to publish the notices drives the anti-press lawmakers crazy. To them, publishing notices in newspapers is a big, fat subsidy for the businesses that constantly criticize what they do.

DeSantis, Simpson, Sprowls and dozens of other Republican lawmakers are determined to end that.

What better way to do in this digital, online age than to decree all notices can be published on government-controlled websites.

Dear readers, this is a bad idea. Bad for taxpayers, bad for Florida.

We will show you why and propose an alternative.



Full disclosure: Our company and all of the paid-subscription newspapers in Florida generate revenues and profits from publishing government-mandated public notices. So it’s easy to conclude Observer Media Group Inc. has a vested interest in protecting the status quo.

But in fact, our company has been lobbying for more than a decade that the state’s public notice laws need reforming and updating. In part, we’ve been making the same argument lawmakers have made: that the Legislature decades ago crafted public notice laws in a way that gives daily newspapers and paid-subscription newspapers a protected monopoly.

In fact, we argue the state’s daily newspapers are exactly what their editorials often criticize. They’re a special interest that uses the Legislature for special protectionism.

While lawmakers complain about the cost to taxpayers of publishing public notices, a portion of that cost is a direct result of the lack of competition they created to begin with.

At the risk of too much regulatory mumbo jumbo, here’s the deal: To qualify to publish public notices, newspapers, among other things, must publish five or more days a week. They also must have a periodical permit from the U.S. Postal Service, which requires more than 50% of the paper’s distribution to be paid subscribers.

That means free weeklies are ineligible for public notices — that is, if the government body wants to meet its requirements for valid public notices. Many municipalities still publish notices in their communities’ free weeklies because they know the notices reach and are read by the taxpayers the cities and counties want to reach.

So here’s one of the conundrums of the statutes: The laws apply to a changed marketplace. Readership and circulation of free weeklies now surpass the readership of paid dailies in many of Florida’s markets. What’s more, the cost to publish in free weeklies often is less than the cost in the local paid daily.

Stand-alone websites are also prohibited from qualifying to publish public notices. The newspaper industry thwarted these potential competitors’ websites when it lobbied the Legislature to modify the statutes by requiring papers that publish public notices in print to post all notices on their websites as well — at no charge. The industry also created, a site that aggregates all notices from around the state — at no charge.

Those two steps made Florida’s public notice laws a national model. Indeed, to a large extent, you can argue Florida public notice laws are working — except for the lack of competition.



Here’s another barometer: Not once in a quarter-century has a consumer group or mobs of angry citizens lobbied lawmakers for changes in public notice laws. There is no public outcry for changing the state’s public notice laws.

The only groups that complain are local governments and one-off lawmakers who want revenge against their local newspaper for having published critical and/or unflattering reports about them.

Local government bureaucrats complain primarily during recessions, when they must cut their budgets. They say they will save taxpayers millions of dollars by not having to publish notices in newspapers — if only they could post public notices on their own websites.

That is baloney. The cost of public notice advertising for most local governments is hardly noticeable in the scheme of annual spending. One example: Two years ago, when we measured public notice spending for Sarasota County, it amounted to 0.02% of a $1 billion budget — $267,000. That’s typical.

Local government officials should be honest. Their money gripe is a cover for their real objections. They don’t like paying to do business with what they regard as an adversary and enemy. They think public notices are a nuisance, a time suck for staff. They believe their lives would be much easier if they handled public notices on their own websites. After all, isn’t that where the world is — online? Who reads newspapers? the argument goes.

Rep. Randy Fine, R-Palm Bay, agrees with all of this.

Fine is regarded as one of the Legislature’s Republican bulls and bullies. If he comes up with a legislative proposal, he cares little about anyone’s objections. He showed this last session when, seemingly out of nowhere, he proposed that New College of Florida, based in Sarasota, be merged with the one of the other larger state universities. That totally surprised Sarasota-Bradenton lawmakers and the New College administration.

Two years ago, after the Florida Today newspaper published critical stories about Fine, he responded by filing a bill that no longer would require public notices to be published in newspapers. The law would allow them to be published on “publicly accessible websites,” e.g., government-operated websites. The bill died.

It passed in the House in 2020 but died in the Senate. Now it’s back a third time.

Last year, while speaking in committee on behalf of the bill, Fine told his colleagues: “The problem is the dramatic subsidy and cost that we’re putting on local governments by requiring them to buy these ads that people aren’t reading at vastly inflated prices. That is where the issue is.”



The issue is much more than that. There are multiple issues.

A “dramatic subsidy”?

Perhaps a more precise depiction would be a government-sanctioned monopoly. Lawmakers did this. They gave paid-subscription, daily newspapers a monopoly.

And if the dailies’ prices are too high, as Fine says, hello, that’s what happens when there is little competition.

A subsidy? Lawmakers seem to forget there is work involved handling public notices. Just as governments pay other private vendors to perform outsourced services, the same goes for newspapers. There is a cost to paper, printing and distribution.

Fine and many other lawmakers also argue it no longer makes sense that public notices have not migrated to online-only publishing. It would be so much more efficient if government agencies were allowed to post public notices on their own websites, they argue.

This has multiple dangers.

Who trusts any government to be 100% honest and transparent? Who wants the government to be the sole disseminator of public information? What’s more, who trusts that information on the internet is authentic, reliable, trustworthy and verifiable — crucial to public notices?

That public notices flow through newspapers, a third party, is a safety mechanism for taxpayers. As part of their job with notices, newspapers are required to file sworn affidavits acknowledging the veracity and time of the notices and to archive notices in perpetuity in the event they are challenged. Governments can do that, too, but who trusts a fox in the hen house?

Here’s another serious flaw with governments publishing notices online: Few people would see them, negating two of the purposes of public notices, visibility and accessibility.

For instance, who do you know would spend the time searching government websites for public notices of tax increases, zoning changes, water-use permits, deaths of creditors, upcoming public meetings and dozens of other government actions that affect taxpayers?

One of the positives of still having notices in print is the serendipitous nature of them. When readers page through their local papers, they discover unexpected news and information. Likewise with public notices. Newspapers push out notices to the public. When online, they sit in darkness until someone seeks them out. That’s not public notice.

The result of online-only notices: much less government transparency.



Altogether, here is the paradox of what Fine and other Republican lawmakers want when they say government agencies should publish online public notices: They are hypocrites.

Republicans tout themselves as the champions of smaller government, government transparency and accountability and private enterprise, jobs and market competition.

But almost everything they are proposing with HB 35 will achieve the opposite: bigger government, more government cost, more government control and power over public information, less transparency, less private enterprise and fewer private jobs.

Yes, Florida’s public notice laws need reforming to fit the times. But that doesn’t mean simply shifting them all online — for the reasons cited above.

Indeed, daily print newspapers might be declining in readership, but free weekly newspapers are thriving, and both still are relevant and a valid source for public notice because of the serenidipity described above, accessibility in print and online, and the veracity and verifiability.

In our libertarian world, we would let the marketplace decide how to operate public notices. Let the purveyors of public notices decide which media make the most sense to disseminate their public notices — newspapers, TV stations, websites, radio — for effective public notice. And let private businesses that want to publish the notices compete. They would do so on the basis of meeting their customers’ needs (e.g., effectiveness, transparency, cost, accessibility, reliability and verifiability).

We know that scenario is unlikely. By the same token, to adopt HB 35 (or an even worse proposal in Senate Bill 402) would ignore and disregard what is really needed.

Public notices — the act of keeping citizens and taxpayers informed of their governments’ activities — are essential and necessary for a proper functioning democratic republic. As such, they deserve serious deliberation.

If DeSantis, Simpson and Sprowls want to serve Floridians, rather than adopt HB 35, they should examine and explore the following questions: In this age of digital information, what would be the most effective form of delivering effective public notices? What would be the  most effective way to serve the taxpayers’ needs?

We urge Florida’s lawmakers to be thoughtful and smart. Answer those questions before changing anything.

If anything needs a barrage of buckshot, it would be HB 35.



Matt Walsh

Matt Walsh is the CEO and founder of Observer Media Group.

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